05:38, 22/03/2021

One of the things that makes English such a great language is how versatile it is.

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As an example, it’s possible khổng lồ turn many nouns or verbs into adjectives by adding a -y on the over.

Things get complicated when the word ends in an “e,” though. As an example of which, people often ask if “cringey” or “cringy” is correct.

Let’s find out!

Is “cringy” or “cringey” the correct spelling?

Technically, when you form adjectives by adding a “y” khổng lồ the end of a noun or verb, you are supposed lớn drop the “e” at the kết thúc of the word. However, perhaps because “cring” looks like it should be pronounced “king,” this word is more frequently spelled as “cringey,” & “cringey” is the version most commonly listed in dictionaries.

The final verdict is that both spellings are acceptable, although “cringey” is less likely to lớn get flagged as misspelled in formal writing like a school paper.

Rules for turning words into lớn adjectives

One way to lớn turn English words into lớn adjectives is to appkết thúc a “y” khổng lồ the end of them.

Is there ice on the path? The path can be icy.

Is the pond hard to see through? Let’s turn “murk” into lớn “murky”!

And so on.

As seen from our first example here, the rule for words that kết thúc in “e” is that you drop the “e” before you add the “y.”

That means “ice” becomes “icy,” and, at least in theory, “cringe” becomes “cringy.”

The reality, though, is not that simple.

Why “cringy” looks wrong

The problem with English is that the same combination of letters can make different sounds in different contexts.

That means, although “cringy” is technically the way you turn “cringe” inkhổng lồ an adjective, some people will say it just doesn’t look right.

When spoken, for instance, “ing” is usually pronounced like the end of the word “king.” It’s the “e” in “cringe” that changes its sound, so when some people see “cringy” they think it’s wrong.

After all, if someone clings too much you’d Điện thoại tư vấn them “clingy,” (cling-ee) right?

Of course, there are also counter-examples like stingy (pronounced stinn-jee) AND dingy (din-jee).

All the same, the spelling “cringey” is the one most commonly included in dictionaries as the head word (or “main” spelling), with “cringy” delegated lớn an alternate spelling.


Usage & descriptivism

Contrary to lớn popular belief, the job of a dictionary is actually not to lớn list a “correct” spelling, but rather to lớn describe actual usage.

Dictionaries shouldn’t be used khổng lồ prove arguments about “proper” language use. Instead, they are descriptive sầu tools.

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In linguistics, descriptivism is the word used for an approach to lớn language that is based in how people actually use it in real life.

The alternative, where people try lớn tell you what “should” be done, is prescriptivism.

In other words, dictionaries are closer to reflections of what people actually say than they are to lớn explanations of “correct” spelling và grammar.

This also, more or less, means that it doesn’t matter what’s “correct” so much as it matters what people are used lớn seeing and using.

The tool that linguists use to lớn determine usage over time is called an n-gram.

The technical details aren’t important here, but basically an n-gram is just a chart showing how many times a word was recorded in writing in a specific year for a certain mix of texts.

Google Books has a nifty n-gram tool that uses all of Google Books (that’s a lot of words, with a large portion of published books included from 1800 to today), và we can compare the n-grams for cringy và cringey there lớn see which is more widely used.

Cringy does well enough, with a decent bulge of use in the mid-1800s và a smaller uptichồng post-2000.

The n-gram for cringey, though, shows that this spelling enjoys considerably more popularity.

In fact, “cringey” is more than 2 times more likely khổng lồ be used than “cringy,” at least in all the writing that’s recorded in Google Books.

It’s not quite a total K.O., but at least according to lớn dictionaries và the Google Books n-gram, “cringey” is the winner of this fight.”

That said, remember that these are descriptive tools. They don’t really exist to force people to lớn use a specific, supposedly “correct” spelling.

That means that if you are used lớn “cringy” & think “cringey” looks really strange, you can suit yourself and keep using it.

Just don’t be surprised if you’re told it’s misspelled by your e-including friends.

(Interestingly, my browser’s spell-checker doesn’t think either is a correctly-spelled word!)

Cringe-worthy: A less cringey (or cringy) alternative

If you hate the fact that there’s no right answer here, don’t give up hope.

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The next time you need to say something’s embarrassing or awkward, why not try the word “cringe-worthy” instead?

It means exactly the same thing, but has the benefit of not ending in a “y,” so you don’t need khổng lồ worry about whether “cringey” or “cringy” is the correct spelling.

Chuyên mục: TRENDING